Bruce E. DePalma, Kellers Church Road, Bedminster, Pennsylvania                                                                                                        4 November 1974



Fundamental Discoveries of the New Physics and Mathematics
and their Relationship to the UFO Flying Saucer Observations and Encounters.


Introduction:  For the last four years this investigator has been engaged in the theoretical and experimental development of a new conception of physical Reality.  The basis of the conception resides in the variability of inertia which may be engendered through the rotation of real physical objects.  These experiments are summarized in the body of this report.  At the point where the possibility of a practical antigravity machine had been practically realized an attempt was made to correlate the physical characteristics of this - force machine - with the observed phenomena in common with the UFO flying saucer encounters and sightings.  A positive correlation was made with the characteristics of our force machine and the artifacts of the antigravity-propulsion principle of the UFOs.  A thorough examination of the available data has led me to conclude the UFO phenomena are real and represent a true incursion of a parasitic extraterrestrial race onto this planet.  This paper serves as a warning and a call to action in the repulsion and annihilation of these invaders.


New Physical Information:

What is important is my experiments place me at the carbon filament electric light bulb stage whereas our enemy possesses the modern electro-luminescent panel solid state variety.

We are all familiar with the great experiment of Galileo in 1590 when he showed that objects of different weights fell at the same rate when he dropped them from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa.  This experiment has been formulated as a principle by later thinkers.  The Einstein principle of equivalence is the contemporary expression of the idea that the acceleration of gravity is the same for all objects, and, for this a construction is possible which represents gravity as a property of a geometrical interpretation of space.  This is the current "standard interpretation."  Of course if a situation were found wherein the rate of gravitationally induced acceleration could be varied, constructions and theories based on the original Galilean experiment would be rendered void.  As well, control of the rate of fall of objects is the entré into the construction of a practical mechanical antigravity machine which could be ultimately developed.......

The basic experiment is the discovery that a rotating object behaves differently under the influence of gravity than a non-rotating one. The basic experiments are:

1) Rotating objects falling in a gravitational field are accelerated at a rate greater than "G", the commonly accepted rate for non-rotating objects falling in a vacuum.

2) Pendula utilizing bob weights which are rotating, swing nonsinusoidally with periods increased over those of pendula with non-rotating bobs.

3) A precessing gyroscope has an anomalous inertial mass, greater than its gravitational mass.

4) An anomalous field phenomenon has been discovered, the OD field, which confers inertia on objects immersed within it.  This field is generated by the constrained forced precession of a rotating gyroscope.

These simple experiments which can be verified by any experimenter with simple equipment, form the basis of a new interpretation of physical Reality.  As well as being the most fundamental physical discoveries since the experiments of Galileo, to mathematics must be added a new fundamental proposition, such that the phenomena be described.  This proposition may be stated: No numerical quantity, representative of a physical measurement, may be infinitely subdivided.  For example, a contemporary mathematician would claim that the center of a rotating disc was not rotating.  This is false to fact.  At the other end of the spectrum this paradox is represented by the topological fixed point theorem of Euler and the aleph null and aleph one transfinite denumerable non-denumerable paradoxes of Georg Cantor.

The limitation of the Newtonian laws of motion to the special case of non-rotating objects, (and other limitations as to the rate of change of acceleration), places our present level of physical understanding on the threshold of the resolution of these paradoxes and the generalization of our conception of motion.  The spinning ball experiment which shows a greater rate of fall than a non-spinning object is the stone of David which slays the Goliath of the ideational constipation which clouds the best minds of our race.  It is not germane to the purpose of this paper to engage in further exposition of these ideas.  Spontaneous interest must be sparked by the individual verification of these ideas by the motivated investigator.  For the present it is sufficient to say that a much greater theoretical and experimental context now exists into which these primary results fit.

With the variability of inertia established, and the interaction of a rotating object with the gravitational field, several kinds of antigravity machines may be constructed.  Without going into constructional details here, the machines take two forms.  The first kind involves the generation of an OD field of sufficient strength to neutralize the gravitational attraction of the mass of the machine itself and associated masses.  The second form of the machine - the linear force machine - is a direct conversion of rotational energy input to a unidirectional force output through the principle of variable inertia.  Details of this machinery are available from this source.

The generation of a force (OD) field of sufficient strength to propel a space vehicle results in a local interaction with the electromagnetic field which may be characterized as an increase in the inertia or slowing down of electrical processes, viz., for instance the magnetic field collapse which is necessary for the generation of the spark ignition voltage in a gasoline engine is slowed down to the point where insufficient voltage is generated for ignition and the engine stops.  An alteration in the resonance of electrical circuits to lower frequency and a cross modulation of frequencies of different signals existing within the same circuit.  A similar mechanism causing the anomalous red shift of optical signals is observed in the Quasar stellar phenomena.  That such a mechanism exists in a stellar phenomena together with the observed UFO behavior strongly indicates the generation of an OD field is possible through a solid state interaction.  A proposal has been developed along these lines on the basis of an interaction between rotation, magnetism, and inertia.  It must be emphasized that when inertia is no longer considered a constant, variations in inertia as the result of certain physical processes can be searched out and applied to the solution of a number of important physical problems.

As well the effect of a field which confers inertia on objects immersed within it can be applied to a number of situations, not all of which have to be mechanical, i.e. chemical reactions are affected by such a field.  Reactions which do not take place under "normal" conditions may be catalyzed.  Other reactions may be inhibited.  There is a strong effect on the operation of the human nervous system of such a field. It may be used to inhibit behavior.


An Analysis of the UFO Situation:  Clearly the observed UFO behavior both with regard to the mechanism of propulsion and the inhibitions which have been directed against humans and internal combustion engined machinery and radio apparatus suggest strongly that here is an extraterrestrial group which uses the OD field as the basis of their energy generation, propulsion, and communication.  The use of directed od fields together with intense stroboscopic illumination to dazzle and confuse native populations appears to be the standard operating procedure for the "outsider" operations on this planet.  I would like to point out that for myself, as a physical investigator, I was unable to reward the plethora of sightings and encounter information with appropriate credibility until I was able to generate the propulsion field within my own laboratory and gauge some of its characteristics.  At this point it became possible to separate hard data information from concealment and subterfuge deliberately generated to confuse and obfuscate the human population.  I might add that their effort is immeasurably aided by our inability to decide whether they are here at all.  An inability which is nurtured by the egos of those individuals who continually demand more "proof" in the face of an overwhelming amount of evidence which is being gathered by concerned individuals of much less "sophistication" than the "experts" who are to be "convinced".  A list of such "experts" is appended to this report.  They should be avoided or bypassed by anyone who would seriously get behind the world-wide action activity which is necessary to rid our planet of these parasites.

On the basis of the known UFO information and the results of my laboratory experiments, I have been lead to the following hypothesis: It seems to me that to consider space unpopulated by any others than the inhabitants of this planet is a modern form of geocentrism.  Quite the contrary I believe space to be inhabited by the members of many races who probably live in a loose confederacy.  We should not be deluded by those thinkers who are tied to an Einsteinian space time manifold who believe space travel is impossible.  My work has shown that present conceptions of space and time are now to be revised in the light of the refutation of the theories of Einstein.  If we conceive space to be populated then we can also conceive that the races which have attained space travel would view with benevolent eyes the activities of younger races whose youth and vitality was about to carry them over into the discovery of the variability of inertia and the perfection of a means of propulsion by pushing against space itself.  If I were observing from outside, so to speak, I would see it was necessary to relinquish certain limitations of thought, i.e. the "velocity of light", the invariance of inertia, before a more properly general attitude could be developed such that new machinery could be designed and built.  In this state of potentiality I would see that to interfere with the development of this race would be to damage the natural mental growth process leading to the entrance of man into space as an equal, or on an equal developmental footing to the races which were already there.  There already may be in existence a police force for the protection of undeveloped planets from the ravages and incursions of exploiters and predators, especially where intelligent races were involved.  I am sure that when the United States enters space it would constitute itself as the protector of the weak as the fundamental consequence of the democratic system of government.  At least it is clear that if less altruistic motives were involved, contacts would not be made in a clandestine and surreptitious manner.

The evidence suggests the Earth has already been invaded by a small group of parasitic outsiders.  Such a group would probably live its whole existence in spaceships preying upon undeveloped and primitive worlds for the procurement of natural products which could not be generated in a space environment.  It seems to me that no race which had a home planet would operate surreptitiously on another world.

Even though these outsiders possess (at present) superior technical knowledge, their small numbers do not permit them to dominate this world.  If such an attempt were to be made, all the technological resources of the planet would be mobilized against them and such an operation would certainly be apprehended by other more mature members of the interstellar community.  It serves the interests of these parasites to contemptuously remove from our society whatever it is that interests them.  It seems to me that the removal or mining of physical resources or goods would be immediate1y noticed.  The one quantity whose disappearance would not be noticed is people.  This datum fits in nicely with the disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle and the complete control the outsiders have had over those individuals who have been simply "examined" and then released.  Perhaps certain desired characteristics were lacking in the individuals who were apprehended and then released.  A parasitic race living in a space environment would be continually irradiated with hard radiation from outer space.  The most chilling hypothesis is that this humanoid species is praying upon us for certain blood fractions necessary for life in a high radiation environment. Reproduction would also be affected.  What attempts might be made in conjunction with this species can only be guessed at.  The facts are that the released individuals can have memories of their experience recovered through deep hypnotic treatments.  Certainly it is within the capabilities of human medical technology to perform operations such that the subjects concerned have no memories of the procedure.  The fact that the erasure is incomplete in cases of the recorded UFO human encounters bespeaks of the contempt of a group which holds itself to be superior to its host.  The fact that no whole-scale invasion has taken place, with overt contact made, speaks to me of a fundamental Achilles heel to the operations of "outsiders" on our planet.

The fact that Earth is our home planet, and that large scale depredations would be observed by other intelligent forces, places the human race in a fundamentally superior position no matter how far advanced the technology of this interloper group is.  The capitalization of this position for the defense of our planet and the repulsion of the UFO outsiders depends upon our ability to 1) intercept the UFO communications, 2) construct weaponry effective against UFO vehicles, and, 3) construct vehicles propelled by variable inertia machinery, force machines, capable of coming to realistic grips with their machinery.  A vehicle propelled via an OD field is capable of accelerations which would be destructive to the crew except for the fact that immersion in an OD field imparts an inertial connectivity such that the vehicle and its contents are propelled as a whole.  The crew of such a machine would not experience the sensation of acceleration associated with machines in which only the structure of the vehicle is accelerated, i.e. jet aircraft or rocket propulsion.  As well, electrical machinery will not function properly in the environment of intense OD fields so that our (primitive) mastery of such technology may serve us in ways that are not readily apparent until more experiments are performed.

A race of parasites operating just two jumps ahead of the law is not one in which research and scientific development are primary concerns, if at all.  We can expect these interlopers are here for one purpose only, and that is to satisfy a compelling need for a natural product which they themselves are incapable of satisfying.  The clandestine and contemptuous lack of respect for a species toward which their depredations are directed only speaks of an immorality which is supported only out of lack of a normal healthy substrate for living.  Further analyses are possible, but at this juncture more detailed behavioral inferences would detract from the apprehension and rationalization of the data already presented.


Plans for the Future:  The simple experiment of dropping the spinning ball and ascertaining the reality of a fundamental experiment in the interaction of rotation, inertia, and gravity, will provide the focus for the development of a new basis for society.  Man's entrance into space will be sparked by the mastery of the principle of variable inertia.  The experiments suggested here may be easily verified by the concerned experimenter with elementary equipment.  Experimental writeups of the work which has been done at this laboratory are available by writing to this author.  All assistance will be furnished to those who will duplicate the basic experiments and convey the results to those agencies who have the power of action.  In the years I and my students have been prosecuting this work we have compiled a list of those individuals and their respective institutions who have consistently rejected my experimental findings.  No better service to the common enemy could be done than by these men who refuse to acknowledge new discoveries in the chauvinistic determination to protect their respective positions and uphold their reputations and those of their supporters.


Friends and Enemies:  Dear friends, those of you who have been involved in the gathering of evidence to support "new phenomena" have time and time again come up against "expert opinion" which trenchantly resists the notion that there is anything new, much less a deadly threat. At all costs we must avoid a panic.  Those of you who have attended scientific Universities are familiar with the way in which scientific material is presented by the "experts."  We tend to laugh at the students who are the "grinds", who memorize the material by rote and regurgitate it for the exams.  What lends a more sinister note is that these "grinds" are usually the ones who linger through graduate degrees and post doctoral fellowships and finally sit on that much sought after chair.  Having attained the priceless gift of tenure they sit until called to act on that panel which is convened to examine "the evidence."  Most of these people have never done an experiment in their lives.  When faced with facts or information which cannot be fitted into an interpretation of the dogma on which they base their careers we hear the familiar: -- "I do not understand it at all", "totally unconvincing", "none of our reviewers has been able to see any merit in your papers".  These quotations are taken from the utterances of Dr. S. A. Goudsmit, Editor-in-Chief of the Physical Review.  More on this later.

In the development of the ideas which are the greatest physical discoveries of the 20th century and which represent the breakthrough into the new physics and mathematics which will extricate us from the present crises of power and energy, I have had to learn by direct experience who are the people who are to be avoided if new scientific progress is to be made.  Of course through all this there are many friends too. I speak here of my students and friends who have been supporting me from the time I left my associations at Harvard and MIT to pursue these researches.  My advice to those who wish to follow the path to new knowledge is that if an individual cannot apprehend the new information immediately, it is fruitless to think he will be able to think it over and later decide what you have to say is correct.  Truth has a ring to it which is unmistakable to those in search of it.  Early in the game I discovered it was a mistake to wait for a reply from those to whom I sent the results of my experiments.  To force the issue I and my students made visits to some of the "great minds" to confront them with the evidence in their offices.


At this point I would like to point out that the discovery of variable inertia has been preceded by some work in which the investigators knew they were on to something new but were unable to consummate their work because they were unable to assemble a thorough enough understanding of the phenomena to come to the conclusion of so basic a phenomena as the variability of inertia, the refutation of Einstein, and the complete overthrow of the dogma which presently paralyzes the thinking of our scientific establishment.  I speak here of the pioneering work of Norman L. Dean of Washington, D.C. who demonstrated and patented a prototype machine for the conversion of rotary motion into unidirectional motion. U.S. Patent 2,886,976 filed July 13, 1956.  John W. Campbell of then Astounding Science Fiction magazine inspected the prototype and wrote an article: "The Space Drive Problem", which appeared in ASF for June 1960. Campbell inspected and documented the operation of the machine which then was able to generate a unidirectional force of about 18 lbs. from the output of a 1/4 Hp. electric drill motor.  Dean's machine was never able to "lift off" because, although he did not realize it at the time, his machine required an inertia load which was lost as soon as the machine lost contact with the ground.  The best he could achieve was zero weight.  The demonstration of the Dean machine to many of the constituted governmental agencies and scientific "authorities" elicited no support and much ridicule.  Experts were called in to "mathematically prove" the machine could not possibly work.

Interest in "non-linearities" in Newton's Laws of Motion sparked investigations by Dr. William 0. Davis which appeared as another article in ASF May 1962, "The Fourth Law of Motion."  Davis was trying to understand what he called "rate" effects in the application of accelerative forces to real material objects.  He was the first to call attention to the fact that it mattered how fast acceleration was applied to a real physical object.  At high rates of "surge" (dA/dt) forces were generated which were destructive to the object under test and which seemed to be much greater than those predicted by the simple application of F = MA.  He tried to develop alternative modifications of this basic expression to explain the forces he was measuring but since his development was not supported by more basic understanding of matter and motion it was not pursued further.

During this period Mr. John S. Wolfe of Dayton, Ohio was mathematically examining Dean's machine to see whether it could be explained on the basis of a mathematical system he had invented which included the additional postulate of the non-infinite divisibility of mathematical representations of real physical quantities.  His work correlated with the results of Dean's prototype machine and he became so excited about the possibilities he and his son took out an extensive ad in the Dayton Daily News of June 1, 1960 to try to publicize the implications of their studies and their implications


Additional Laws of Motion was run again in the Dayton Daily News in spring 1974 when it was brought to my attention by a connection I had in Detroit to whom Wolfe had sent a proposal for the development of new propulsive machinery. Wolfe and I have been associated since that time.  His mathematical development is too abstruse to be presented here but it represents the substrate into which the principle of variable inertia can be mathematically described.  I call your attention to all this because the main difficulty in the acceptance of the idea of variable inertia is the fact that this physical entity cannot be described by present mathematical systems without the inclusion of the additional postulate of non-infinite divisibility of mathematical representations of physical entities.  This very basic idea can be illustrated by the concept of the weight of an object, say so many pounds for the weight of a particular object.  If the number which represents the weight of an object is subject to division we have to include the fact that when we divide a real physical object into smaller and smaller portions we eventually reach a point of the last atom wherein further division destroys the identity of the material.  A mathematical representation of a real physical quantity must include the property of non-infinite divisibility in order to properly represent the real physical property of the object or entity under consideration.


The simplest ideas generally require the most lengthy exposition.  I must defer further discussion of these ideas to more specific papers which are available from these Authors.  My point is now a framework exists for a more general description of physical phenomena than now represented by the obsolete representations of Newton and Einstein.


It is clear that to ask a scientist to rearrange and reformulate everything he has ever learned in the context of new physical and mathematical information is a task so exciting it is beyond the possibilities of all except the youth and those ready to accept new information.  It is said that the youth are hated by those for whom there is no future and no more clear illustration of this is the reaction of those "authorities" who feel so secure in their positions that they have gone on record in their reaction to the idea of rotationally engendered variable inertia.  To conclude what has grown to be a rather lengthy essay I append some of their comments:


Dr. Philip Morrison, MIT.               "I do no experiments."

Dr. Edward Purcell, Harvard.

Dr. Robert Dicke, Princeton.        "I have something to lose."

Dr. John Wheeler, Princeton.       "I have given your papers a cursory inspection."

Mr. George M. Rideout, Gravity Research Foundation.

Mr. Edward Phillips, Physical Science Editor, "Nature", two papers submitted Mr. Ben Bova, Editor, Analog Science Fact and Fiction.  

Speaking of petrified brains we now come to Dr. Samuel Goudsmit, Editor-in-Chief of the Physical Review and Physical Review Letters.  He is the ultimate Authority (at least in secular matters).  I have submitted six papers to him over a period of three years.  His penultimate reply summarizes the previous five rejection letters, I quote: "I am no expert and have to depend on reviewers regarding the acceptance of papers.  So far they have rejected yours as being totally unconvincing.  I doubt that you have convinced Dr. Dicke.  He merely stated that your experiments have never been performed before, but not that you have done them correctly.  Perhaps you should try to publish your work in some other physics journal, submitting it again to the Physical Review will be useless."

Dr. Goudsmit, a former associate of Einstein, was one of the members of the Robertson Panel which in 1953 concluded: "... the evidence presented on Unidentified F1ying Objects shows no indication that these phenomena constitute a direct physical threat to national security."  The report of the panel went on to suggest a program of public "education" to help people identify natural phenomena thought to be UFOs.  The recommended program would be "designed to reassure the public of the total lack of evidence on inimical forces behind the phenomena."

I have suggested to these gentlemen that they formulate their retirement plans.  Evidently it takes a giant to remove a worm.


5 November 1974

Bruce E. DePalma

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